Shraga Weil (1918-2009) was born to a traditional Jewish family in Nitra, Czechoslovakia. As a teenager, Weil was active in "Hashomer Hatzair" youth movement. He dropped out of high school and worked in construction for two years. He then worked as an apprentice for a local sculptor in Nitra. In 1937, he began to study art in Prague, but left after the outbreak of World War II. He spent the war in Budapest forging papers for the Hungarian underground. In 1943, he was arrested. He and his wife were sent to a concentration camp and then to prison. The underground helped to free him him in 1944.
After the war, Weil designed books for the "Halutz" movement. In 1946, he spent 8 months in a pioneer training camp in Belgium. In 1947, he sailed to the Israel aboard the S.S. Theodore Herzl. The ship was detained by the British and Weil was sent to Cyprus. There he worked as an instructor at a handicrafts workshop for Jewish youth. In 1948, he moved to Israel and joined Kibbutz Ha'Ogen.
In 1952-1953, he studied art in Paris, specializing in printmaking, reliefs and wall murals.
Weil's early work was similar in style to the socialist art embraced by the Kibbutz Ha'Artzi movement. From the 1960s, his work began to incorporate Jewish symbols and iconography. His best known works are the entrance doors of the Knesset (1966), the entrance door of the President's House and the ceramic wall on the facade of the Great Synagogue in Tel Aviv.