Naomi Smilanski (1916-2016) was born in Krakow, Poland. In 1922 she immigrated to Israel and grew up in Jerusalem. In the 1930s, she studied at Beit Hakerem in Jerusalem, where she met Yizhar Seminlansky (S. Yizhar), who became her husband. At the end of the 1930s she began to study art at the "New Bezalel". In the 1940s she settled in Rehovot. Between 1966 and 1969 she lived in the United States. In 1991 she moved to live in the village of Mishar.
Her early works were figurative and had an Impressionist character. In the early 1960's, she began to deal mainly with printmaking and drawing. Her artwork is abstract mainly using techniques such as etching, embossed prints and aquatint.